Civil Registry Office - FAQ (Frequently Asked Questions)
A birth record is a source of vital information and provides legal proof of the identity of an individual. By means of his birth certificate, he can prove the facts of his birth as regards his parentage, which allows him to trace his ancestry, establish his identity and claim dependency. The date of birth shown in his birth certificate establishes his age and his rights to privileges accruing by virtue of meeting the required age qualifications such as the privilege to enter school, to vote, to enter the civil service, to contract marriage, to qualify for professional licenses, to drive motor vehicles, to carry firearms, to claim pension benefits and so on. Place of birth, on the other hand, establishes one's citizenship for obtaining passport, provide basis for immigration and naturalization claims, allows one to obtain exemptions from alien restrictions or, if an alien, allows him to obtain exemptions from tax or military service in the country.
The death certificate is a pre-requisite for burial in the Philippines. Apart from this, it provides legal evidence in claims of inheritance, pensions, insurance benefits and settlement of a deceased person's estate. It also exempts the heirs from specific types of taxes at a certain date and establishes a widowed person's right to a second or subsequent marriage.
The marriage record is useful to prove the fact of the occurrence of marriage and thus establish legal responsibilities of married couple. It is also used as basis for claims of insurance benefits, pension and military allowances. It proves parentage and is used to confer a child's legitimacy and his rights to inheritance. It is also used for obtaining passports, for immigration, tax deductions, provision of certain types of government facilities and services that are allocated only to married couples. For a foreigner, it is the basis of an application for citizenship, a privilege that goes with certain types of marriages.